Potential Revolution and After…
- Raju Parulekar
Narendra Modi government became the first non-Congress government of India, elected with complete majority in May 2014. It was an epic victory, no doubt! It was shocking for many and left everyone awestruck!
This government had distinctive qualities. Narendra Modi is the first Prime Minister who was born after India got its independence. This government rose in full majority after the end of a generation which saw, witnessed and lived the freedom struggle.
It has proved for the first time that ‘Development’ can be a key point and an USP to win the elections. It was possible because the youngest nation is eager to connect with the modern world.
Young voter was weary of the political party’s playing card of corruption, caste, religion and raising slogans.
Narendra Modi’s rise was epic. Born post-Independence, from being a ‘common chaiwala’ to Chief-Minister and ‘Chief-Minister to PM’! Figuratively speaking and in reality, it posed a direct challenge to politics allied with dynasty, slavery and godfather.
Narendra Modi’s gift to India’s youth was to unknowingly present them with a dream that would liberate India from the clutches of Gandhi dynasty, British and English, just as ‘American Dream’ and ‘Young America’ came into existence by challenging and avoiding ‘European Etiquettes’, ‘Mannerisms’ and ‘British Traditional Heritage’. Similar was the hype behind Narendra Modi’s rallies. It was believed that Narendra Modi will encourage the government and system to create a ‘New Bharat’.
Narendra Modi said, ‘Yes, we can do it’ and voters supported him.
An era from post-independence time changed. We now have a Prime-Minister who was born post-independence, in a rural,obc,poor Indian family, was not influenced by Congress, was an elected member of parliament belonging to a party which was in complete majority.
His language of knowledge was not English and in fact he wanted to change the knowledge of language of the country. Immediately after the formation of the government, some major decisions were taken and some officers were transferred and some new were brought in.
Distinctive changes were not carried out in administration, judiciary and state governments run by opposition parties. The way Narendra Modi government functioned in the first year was similar to the governments functioning since 1952.
(Bidding farewell visage of Chakravarti Rajagopalchari to Edwina Mountbatten and to the british empire, else is self-explanatory.)
India’s central government has been running on the principles of British colonies since 1952. The language of communication in the highest judiciary, the supreme administration and for important decisions in other government institutions has been English. The worst nightmare of common man in an Indian judiciary system is, ‘justice comes with high price-tag’. The fee of lawyers has skyrocketed. Other than that the Indian Penal Code and Laws (including 7/12 extract) are exactly as per the 19th century laws of British Colonialism. Few changes are made in the law but they are shallow and are done in patches, which does not serve the purpose. Hence, Indian Penal Code, other Administrative Laws and Indian people have been sharing a rigidly established ‘Master-Slave’ relationship since years.
India got independence on 15th August 1947. Constitution was charted on 26th January 1950 and India went for elections for the first time in 1952, yet the core of ‘master-slave’ relationship has remained intact.
A common man (voter) visiting a government office, be it police station, court, registration office or Mantralaya, goes through myriad of emotions like insecurity, apprehension and guilt. Had India been really a free country, had changes been made in laws as per the constitution’s promise of freedom for the common man, Indians would feel secure, warm and welcome to a feeling that, this is our government, this is our system, these are our people and they are there to work for us, like the people in developed countries do. However, a common man does not get this feeling in India.
This is because the entire government, judiciary, police, Investigating authorities have been functioning as an extension of British colonies; the only difference is the entry of a wicked vice, called Corruption.
The tendons of corruption are widely spread among normal administrative offices to a special government office to even the government itself that a peon could buy a land of hundreds of acres.
We can imagine the power of UPSC and MPSC bred different administrative officers. This money found its way directly into the politics and elections and thus was formed a national, muscular, strong and co-dependent power circle. They had vortex around them. The innermost circle is in Delhi. Next comes the circle around state capitals and the outer circle consists of local government and police.
In this scenario, ‘protectors have become predators’ thus compromising on the vested interest of our country. It is impossible for the common man to break this vicious circle.
Only crony capitalists, middle-men, Mafia and smugglers were given ‘royal treatment’ by these circles. Soon enough, they were joined in by Cricket, Bollywood and their sycophants. That is it!
The 99% of common people were tired of changing the government but the situation remained as it is! Why the situation is not changing? The RCA (Root Cause Analysis) is, this co-dependency was ‘reached’ and ‘nurtured’ among all parties and the 4 pillars of democracy. Every factor of the ruling government, the opposition, the administration, media and intellectuals but mediocre class was attached like a leech to this circle. Hence, though the government was changed, nobody changed the British IPC (Indian Penal Code) which was meant for slaves, no one thought of changing the policies. It was impossible for any revolution to root out this strong base of co-dependency.
Against this backdrop, the life journey of our Prime Minister Narendra Modi appeared to be no less than that of a revolutionary. First, though he belonged to BJP, he is an OBC (Other Backward Classes) leader. Secondly, the fact that, a commoner like him, who was born in a very ordinary family, not afraid or diffident of a false fear of English knowledge, can reach at the centre of that power circle, is itself a big cause of an extraordinary popularity he received. But he had a quality of a warrior. Narendra Modi could break the circle and reach the centre and the credit goes to his capability and the support of the ‘haves not’ class. Now that he is at the centre, his duty was, is and will be to destroy these circles from inside out. These few people having vested interests, scared at the hint of Narendra Modi’s resistance are doing everything to oppose him.
After few months of the formation of Narendra Modi’s government, many controversies took place.
Mediocre, so called intellectuals who were connected to the power circle, started returning awards to oppose Modi and Modi government, which is known as the ‘age of the return of awards’ (award wapasi!).
Except the dismissal of the planning commission, Modi government did not take any good or bad initiative. The movement of returning of awards was too early; we can call it a ‘Mangal Pandey type’ movement. It happened under the pressure and fear of losing the interests and benefits of being connected to the power circle and the movement was like a shot misfired from a gun.
Here, we need to understand the background. Bhartiya Janata Party, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is known as the Hindu Right Wing. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, RSS, now a 90 yeard old, is claimed to be (a)political organization which follows ‘Hindutva Ideology. This organization has created different types of auxillary organization in different areas. For example, Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) for students, Vanavasi Kalyan Kendra among tribals, Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) for radical Hinduism, Bhartiya Majdur Sangh among labourers, and likewise Bhartiya Janata Party in politics. The former name of BJP was Janasangh. When emergency was over, post collapse of Janata Pa, Janasangh renamed itself as Bhartiya Janata Party. After the assassination of late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, in 1984, BJP had to accept defeat in 1985 elections. They managed to win only 2 seats all over the country. From there to complete majority in 2014 and defeating the congress by winning 282 seats is a huge achievement.
A lot of unprecedented protests raged through the country owing to the Bharatiya Janata Party’s election to power. Superficially it may seem that the causes of these protests are the new government’s ideology of cultural, nationalism and intolerance. But very few people cared to investigate the multi-layered truth because simply drawing conclusions is far easier than actually taking a moment to think! Being judgemental is easier than process of thinking. It will be easier to analyse the situation with the help of a few recent incidents that followed the Modi government’s rise to power.
For the first time in the history of the land, a handful of philosophers, thinkers and scientists began this new fashion of returning national awards. Their rationalization for their actions was the government’s intolerance and the resultant constraint on thought. But intolerance has always been around in this country, intolerance that has suffocated thinkers, scientists, writers and artists in the course of history. People who expressed views that were detrimental to the government and opposing the ideologies of the rulers have never been given complete freedom ever.
India gained freedom in a rush. The constitution of India was written under the guidance of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, who was the president of Constitution Committee, in a very compelling circumstance when the nation was being torn apart, thousands roamed homeless and the nation was struggling under the burden of debts. In this constitution, clearly mentioned are the matters of sovereignty and freedom. An effort was made in the constitution to bring to justice the marginalized and the weaker sections of the society. The words ‘socialism’ and ‘secularism’ were initially not a part of the constitution. While writing the constitution, its makers had an all-inclusive approach and had been considerate enough to include the matters of freedom, equality, fraternity, liberty and freedom to choose a religion in the original draft.
The Indo-Pak separation took place because Pakistan insisted on an Islamic state. But incidentally, the Muslims in India were more in numbers than the ones in Pakistan, therefore India being secular was indisputable.
Hence, the fact that a need was felt to include these words additionally in the preamble of the constitution was not only an insult to the constituent assembly but also to the main thought behind the constitution because what was expected to be done through action was already done. Putting it down in words meant rubbing it in the face of different religion and class and it meant discrimination. Another term that was dragged into the preamble along with secularism was socialism which is a socialist economic idea and which is completely disconnected from the principles of the constitution and its preamble. International circumstances define and change a country’s financial condition and its ideologies.
In 1991, after the fall of Soviet Union, the word ‘socialism’ almost lost all its meaning. The truth is, a constitution gives birth to a welfare state and is not entirely affected by the ideology or the confluence of ideologies that the state decides to follow.
A welfare state, social security and a higher standard of living are capable of existing and flourishing in capitalist society as well. The defeat of the constitution due to the inclusion of these two terms in its preamble is hidden in its history.
In June 1975, the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs Indira Gandhi and her son, the then finance Minister, Sanjay Gandhi imposed an emergency on the State.
The Congress Party and Indira Gandhi were brought to shame because of the antics of Sanjay Gandhi. The minority section of the society had to bear the brunt. The Muslims had to face a lot of injustice in the Delhi Turkman Gate case. Furthermore Sanjay Gandhi forcefully implemented policies that needed the men of the Muslim families to undergo sterilization. The emergency was expected to eradicate the problems of corruption, poverty, inflation, etc, but only it did not, nor could the democratic way of life eradicate it. We shall discuss the reasons of the same a little later.
Indira Gandhi, who had more of a political sense than Sanjay Gandhi felt the need to compensate the situation in the country, which was like a double-edged sword with the minority’s restlessness on one side and the subordination of the weak and the poor on the other, digging deeper into the nation’s heart.
On seeing that all the opposition members of the upper and the lower houses of the parliament are in jail, Indira Gandhi, backed by the Congressmen in majority had the terms ‘secularism’ and ‘socialism’ forced into the preamble of the constitution. One could argue that this was somewhat the sterilisation of democracy. The reasons are already discussed as above.
In 1977 elections, Congress party lost drastically. This was the downfall of Indira Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.
The Janata Party whose ideology was a confluence of the Left wing socialists and the Right wing Jana Sangh came into power (1977 to 1980). The new government did not take any measures to remove the words ‘secular’ and ‘socialist’ from the preamble, knowing that they were opportunistically and undemocratically added. This was probably because the new government was considerably influenced by the Left Wing Socialists. But what’s surprising is that no other government till date (not even the Modi Government) has attempted to rectify this undemocratic and anti-constitutional change in the preamble.
The words ‘secularism’ and ‘socialism’ have found a permanent place in the preamble of our constitution. This is extremely dishonourable. The great thinkers, writers, scientists and artists of this country did not feel the need to raise their voices against this intolerance, this insult to the writers of the constitution and the challenge to India’s core principles.
If we assume momentarily that the inclusion of these terms in the preamble is necessary, then before actually including them, the proposal should have been put to vote in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha and with their consent it should have been decided whether to include or to discard them, so that the purity of the democracy and the constitution is maintained. No government from 1977 till today has found a monarchical and intolerant tinge to this and tried to change it.
In India, there is a 1000 year old history of intolerance, marginalization, Çastecism, poverty and humiliation of the poor and almost 99 percent of the middle class as well. Before the arrival of the British, the Mughals, the Turks and later, the Marathas ruled over India. The Sikhs had conquered lands from Punjab to Afghanistan towards the West. The British brought about a major change – they strictly implemented laws and strengthened the Indian Penal Code (This was when Pakistan was still a part of India). On realizing that the 1857 mutiny of the Indian freedom fighters was all in vain, they terminated East India Company’s dominion and brought Queen Victoria’s rule into the country. The criminal and civil codes, the penal code, courts, offices, the post, telegrams, etc were established by the British.
The funny thing is that the Indian Penal Code is an idea that originated in Napoleon’s “Code de Napoleon” borrowed by British and then spread to the rest of the world. But the British wanted to plant the idea that they were the ones to bring about the rule of Laws into the country. But in reality, the British were viewing our colonial people from an imperialistic point of view. So they made different bunch of penal codes for them. It is true that the British implemented all these progressive laws but they made sure that there were provisions and loopholes in them that would make Indians bend before them and become their slaves.
The laws were different in Britain in those days and have drastically changed with time. The judiciary and administration were the two most important contributions that the British made to shape the modern Indian structure. But their evil laws became irrelevant post-independence and the citizens of the nation failed to identify their rights.
The British left and India was declared to be independent. On 26th of January 1950, India implemented the new constitution, according to which in 1952, India conducted the very first Lok Sabha elections. Nevertheless, the Indian Penal Code still remained the way it was during the British rule. The manner in which the officers in the judiciary and the administration looked at the common man did not change. Instead, monster named corruption percolated through it. For example, the cultural practice of imperialist rulers of arresting and subordinating their servants that persisted in the British era still continues in 2016 from ordinary police stations, collector’s offices right to the Supreme Court. Speaking about judiciaries, the High Court and Supreme Court judges have their children practising as lawyers in the respective courts. They enjoy infinite rights from an imperialist legacy and complex code of laws written in English language. 99 percent of citizens in spite of knowing this refrain from saying so.
And Narendra Modi arrived in 2014 with revolutionary ideas!
People believe that Narendra Modi belongs to the same group (have not) as they and thus is capable of bringing about a change. In the above mentioned three circles, the central government to Gram Panchayat, the vested interests of those in power circle, Narendra Modi’s presence is enough to instil fear. That’s the reason, in reality before Narendra Modi could bring about a change, these people with vested interests engage him on other fronts, a tactic they have come to use. This circle of vested interest group is spread from Delhi to Zhumri Tallaiyaa Begusaray or till Khurd Budruk.
The political structure of Indian government has always been and still is rather disappointing from the point of view of the youth. The youth are frustrated. Therefore it is easy to brainwash them. This is why a witty propaganda is being used to feed into their minds that Modi is their common enemy. To find out whether Modi and the government led by him (those who are staunch followers of Modi. Some followers from the vested interest groups are also a part of Modi government. In that case Narendra Modi stands alone). Whether these youth are against the changing face of modern India or in support of modern India , we have to go back in time to understand this. It will be repetitive but there is no other way.
The imperialistic British treated their subjects in a very cruel way. They deemed them to be their slaves, servants, criminals and traitors. In the pre- independence era, numerous Indians, thinkers were enrolled in the judicial systems and the administrative body established by them. A lot of young people would study abroad in England and clear the ICS exams (now known as IAS. Considering all sections, we can say UPSC, which includes IAS, IPS, IRS, etc) but the ideology of the judiciary and the administration was and after independence still remains imperialistic in nature. Right up till recent times, the National Budget used to be declared at 5’O Clock in the evening. The simple reason for this is that at that time, the Big Ben strikes 10 am. It took lot of years to change this. Now the annual budget is declared in the Parliament at 10 am IST. Dress code of judges is black and unadvisable for hot country like India but to carry imperialistic legacy it remains unchanged, so commoners can be scared.
The Officers, judges and the employees working in judiciary and administrative services view the common man with a mindset of India vs Bharat. Even today, it is with much trepidation that the common man climbs the step to court or government offices. People are afraid of dealing with government papers and court letters. The reason behind this is that all the governments, right from 1952 have failed to instil a sense of belongingness in common man towards the nation and the government that runs it or make them comfortable. Ever since the British left, none of the government till date tried to acclimatise itself to Indian scenario as far as judicial and administrative structure is concerned. Just recently, few years ago, use of regional language began in district and state level courts (rarely in High Court). Else, English is the official language of highest authorities, highest circle in administration and highest judiciaries.
With slave mentality, India started thinking about English not as a medium but as a way of attaining knowledge. Therefore, in India, a pro-knowledge, pro-wisdom seeking administration and pro-people still judiciary remains a distant dream.
The concept of human rights was unknown before 1947 and it still is the same today. 99 percent of the people are confident that justice will be denied to them from government or judiciaries unless a hefty sum of money as a fee or as something else is provided. This is not a false belief, though. It has 100% truth to it.
A common man finds himself as helpless in government offices, ministry, collector offices, police stations, courts etc as he was in the British times. The only difference is that there was no or very little corruption during the British times. Maybe this is why countless young geniuses, who were like jewels of the nation left India and settled abroad since the 50s,60s,70s,80s.90s and so on… They didn’t just settle there, but gained recognition for their intellect. Among these migrants were youngsters who had grown up in Indian villages. This phenomenon was termed as ‘brain drain’ and many NGOs tried to spread awareness by organizing seminars on it. But nobody seems to have taken note of the fact that the major cause of brain draining is the administration, judiciary’s intolerance, violation of basic human rights and the colonial laws from the British era and nobody bothered to take note of it. Leave alone trying to change them but real intolerance, suffocation and suppressed environment is prevalent in root of Indian administration, judiciaries, police station and in Indian Civil Exams. In the last 70 years no one tried to destroy this structure and reassure the common man that India is my country, we are the citizens of this nation, and the person entering government offices, courts, police-stations is an Indian. No laws were ever created based on these morals, the real Indian Penal Code, regional language and proper understanding of Indian culture
99 percent of the Indians were feeling helpless, abandoned, stifled and restless. When Narendra Modi came in power, he was portrayed as being opposed to human rights by the opposition.
The Rohith Vemula suicide was not the first dalit scholar suicide case in India. In the very University that Rohith Vemula studied in, there have been 9 similar suicide cases prior to his. Atrocities on dalits in this country take place at least twice a week and it has been so for the past 70 years, but that isn’t where it ends. Dalits, suppressed and middle-class are exploited by people in power just like the British did 70 years ago, in more boorish and inhuman way. Deviating slightly off course, here is an example. Throughout the country there are numerous under-trial prisoners still in jail even after 90 days because they lack the economic and intellectual support they require to go to the court. These people are from diverse set of religion, cultures and backgrounds. The only common thing they have is that they are Indian. A good lawyer in India usually demands 5 to 10 lakhs as a fee for defending a person in the Supreme Court for one hour. What kind of a tolerant country have we given birth to! If the person is not going to elope or if he is not a history sheeter (or a hardcore criminal) then bail is his basic right in an independent country. This is basic condition of being a citizen of an independent country. But unfortunately, still, our police manual, police machinery and Indian Penal Code treat us like slaves of British monarchy because their structure remains unchanged since last 200 years. Any ground-level police-officer can file an FIR and jail a dignified person and tax-payer for revenge, bribe or settle a score or for some criminal conspiracy and then onus falls on that dignified tax-payer to prove his innocence that he is not guilty. What kind of independence is this? Straightaway we are following British Monarchy norms.
Monarchies are judgmental. Free countries analyse and then come to a decision regarding citizens. But in our country, the government, the judiciary and the police themselves are judgmental. They absolutely lack the quality of rational thought because they follow imperialistic norms even in their dress-codes (for e.g. judiciary). In such environments, having respect for who you are and what you stand for is a crime. Rohith Vemula was not starkly different from his predecessors. Lots of young people have done the same thing numbers of times in the past and they will continue doing so if we do not bring about a change in this British way of running the nation. Neither Narendra Modi himself nor his government has initiated any of this. Their only fault is that they have not been able to uproot imperialism as they promised, yet. Maybe they did not get enough time but they are following the same path and causing disillusion among people because revoliution is about attempt not about success or failure. This Government’s willingness to attempt for 180 degree change for real independence hasn’t appeared on horizon yet after coming to power since 24 months. This is a matter of concern for not only fence-sitter but supporters too. In fact tax-terrorism, maximum government, police and investigative agencies interference in individual’s life has increased on mammoth scale. The very meaning of Modi revolution is exactly opposite to it. Tax-terrorism, maximum government, police and investigative agencies interference is worst kind of enemies of enterprise and entrepreneurship. This is interim observation and not final conclusion about the government. 36 months remain in hands of honourable Prime-Minister Narendra Modi to rectify the errors of his predecessors. So there is still hope. But only hope cannot prevent one from suffocation and here the complexity is that either you can be a part of suffocation or solution of suffocation. You can’t be both.
Let us now talk about Hindutva. Similar to the communists, socialist and other Left wing oriented people, even young people who are pro-Hindutva have turned to western countries to seek a life that would allow them to retain their self-respect and would care for their rights as human beings. Most of these western countries are Christian countries. Therefore, blaming Hindutva for intolerance is wrong.
In the context of Islam, this needs a different approach. While studying any religion or philosophy in the world, it is important to understand the kind of conditions that existed in the same time period as it did. In 2010-11, after the Islamic Jasmine revolution emerged another revolution without an ideology which began to take lives of thousands of people under the banner of Islam. It affected the social, political and economic structures all throughout the world. Therefore every issue regarding the Muslims, after 2010-11 did not just remain as an issue of majority vs minority, it began to become more and more religion-based. It began to be associated with international terrorism.
In 1991, after fall of Soviet union the Communist Empire of (East Europe and Asia), there will be no ideology left which appeals youth or generations to rebel. In fact after death of Lenin, Communism as an internationalist ideology suffered and further was demolished after Trotsky’s assassination by Stalin. But Stalin managed to uphold communism as an ideology that stood against so called imperialism and capitalism and after second-world war make this world as a bi-polar world. This worked from Stalin to Braznev era, almost for a span of 70 years of communism in Russia. But after Gorbachev, this magnetic power also collapsed. The communism in China is like a mirage. It is just nationalism and capitalism under the persona of communism. Under such circumstances, with the dawn of the 21st century, a lot of Muslim rebels began to be drawn towards the extremism of the Al Qaeda and the ISIS. To fill in the void of an international Islamist ideology arose the two concepts of ‘radical Islam’ and ‘Khilafat’. The world was set ablaze with Islamic mentality. The people of the countries that had official religions other than Islam such as Jewish, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, felt intimidated by the massive Islamist movement and connected terrorism that were taking place internationally and felt the slightest hint of an anti-Islam sentiment rising.
Narendra Modi’s rise to power as the Chief Minister of Gujrat was always looked at in the context of the 2003 riots. Throughout his term of 13 years, Narendra Modi, one of the most dominant BJP leaders and Gujarat’s Chief Minister was recognized in India and abroad as an extremist Hindu leader. He began gradually playing a central role in the Indian politics, given that he banned the Muslim skull caps in Gujarat and that 63 MPs openly wrote a letter to the US to deny him a visa. Slowly he moved to the center of Indian politics. The Congress, instead of campaigning against the BJP as a whole, attacked Narendra Modi singularly, be it after the Gujarat riots, the Akshardham case or the Ishrat Jahan case, under the leadership of Sonia Gandhi in an exaggerated manner. But he put to use his immense political skill that he still possesses. It became almost an obvious choice for the BJP and the RSS to select him to be the Prime Ministerial candidate. He knew just how to use every plot made against him as his weapon to move forth. This was one of the skills previously mentioned.
Gradually, the entire nation, even the frustrated youth was charmed by his leadership. This is where the seeds for BJP’s wildfire victory in the 2014 elections were sown. Narendra Modi came to power because of the promises he made which personally appealed to the young and the 3-4 generations of people who have lived in India post-Independence period. There are three particularly interesting things here: Narendra Modi is an OBC leader, not a Brahmin. Secondly, he is the first Prime Minister who was born after independence. Thirdly, the first time he was elected in the Gujarat Parliament, it was directly as a Chief Minister. He was elected to Lok Sabha as an MP (from Varanasi & Baroda, later resigned as a MP from Baroda) and then he was directly elected as a Prime Minister. This coincidence has never happened with any senior administrator or leader, but it’s not just a coincidence but Narendra Modi’s understanding of politics sets him apart.
Narendra Modi does not believe in inclusive politics. He depends on his old and trusted loyalists (irrespective of having merit). Undisputedly, not only Narendra Modi as a Prime Minister is larger than life but he is also a figure looming over any other political organization (which also includes BJP and the RSS). This is because Modi’s circumstances have brought him where he is. This isn’t admiration but an analysis.
As is the popular belief, it is true that Narendra Modi expects not only his subordinates but also his fellows to be bound to each other and to him by loyalty. He does not believe in collective leadership at all. Effectively, he remains the only one responsible for the victory or the defeat of his cause and the answer to a lot of ‘Modi-Bhakts’ asking why Narendra Modi is blamed for everything is hidden in the rationalization given above. Coming back to the point, it is safe to say that Narendra Modi is like a post-independence Chandragupta Maurya, charging into battle. The reason for this name has the background of Muslim conflict mentioned above.
The changes that took place after 1952 or the static (lack of dynamism) British Imperial system that stayed put after 1952 will be eradicated from its roots was the belief of Narendra Modi’s followers and fear of his opposition. Its repercussions could be felt in judicial system, administrative system and media. It wasn’t possible for anybody to bring about so many changes in such a short span of time of 2 years. Narendra Modi’s personality has its plus and minuses like any other great political leaders, his lack of interest in inclusive politics and expectation for loyalty without non-analytical introspection this makes it easier for anti-Modi lobby to create a propaganda and brainwash everyone about his leadership and create synthetic unrest among people.
Many issues such as
- The atrocities on students of Dalits and their suicides.
- The restrictions on writers and bans on books.
- Increased censorship.
- Blaming an entire religious group or caste for the misdeeds of a few (Sikhs or Brahmins).
- The hanging of Maqbool Bhatt to Afzal Guru.
- Promoting and practicing corruption.
- Retaining death penalty and laws since British era.
- Crisis and chaos in administration of the country from top to bottom level (corruption, nepotism and imperialistic approach is additional minuses).
- Creating black money and money laundering.
- Using the caste system to gain access into politics subordination and pressurization of the Dalit students.
- Creating polarization of caste system, making caste system more concrete, upper caste ruling class.
- Exploitation of genius Dalit students, victimising them and provoking them to commit suicide.
These are some issues that have been the cause of major unrest right since 1952 since the Congress Party was established by Jawaharlal Nehru till May 2014 Sonia Congress Government which lost power. Narendra Modi was nowhere in the picture.
Arresting or organizing a raid on the properties of a few officers or ministers in the governance circle or making amendments in 4-5 laws is not what a revolution looks like in India. Such instances have happened in the past too. The Modi government has not exactly been a bad government for neither the majority nor the minority groups, but it has failed to bring about some basic changes. Corruption and tax terrorism are still very much persistent.
Nevertheless, BJP’s victory as a single majority party to come into power was a huge milestone in the history of India. This was the first non- Congress party to come into power in a majority.
It was actually Ram Manohar Lohia who introduced the concept of a ‘Congress-free India’.
Long before that, right after independence, Gandhiji had suggested that the Congress be dissolved since its purpose was fulfilled. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar himself decided to establish the ‘Republican Party of India’ in order to ensure that the downtrodden and weaker sections of the society receive due justice under his leadership. Unfortunately, this idea never materialized into reality due to his sudden death. We must contemplate why the very men (and leaders like Gandhiji himself) felt the need to dissolve the very party under which they fought for the Independence of the nation? Modi was not even remotely related to it.
Unfortunately, no researcher or historian cared to dig deep into this matter. The Congress was a platform for people to discuss a lot of different ideologies; it was less of a political party then. The Congress never had the ability to back ‘Desi Bharat’ in the ‘British India’ vs ‘Desi Bharat’ debate that was in an uproar throughout India. The Congress could never take a stand for any one fundamental ideology. In fact all great leaders including Mahatma Gandhi knew that the Congress was functioning as an extension of the British rule in India.
The Communists felt the need to establish a new Communist Party which later came into power on two occasions, in an alliance with Jana Sangh which was renamed BJP (Bhartiya Janata Party) in 1977. The Prime Minister was Morarji Desai and for the second time in 1989 when the Prime Minister was V. P. Singh. But instead of tackling the Congress’s imperialistic ideology and the British tinge it had to its governance, newer forms of corruption came into being. An unconstrained monarchy of the Gandhi family was established in India which spread to every little village, every nook and corner of the country. The intellect of philosophers, thinkers and historians was left to rot and decay. The Rajya Sabha is a house where matters of prominence such as laws and amendments are discussed and debated and fundamental concepts are tackled, is more sovereign than the judiciary. It is beyond the jurisdiction of the court because it answers directly to the people of India who are also sovereign.
But instead of providing a platform of discussion for the likes of Madhu Limaye, Ram Manohar Lohia, B. Nath Pai, George Fernandez, Dr. Ambedkar and Vajpayee, it became a place for people who do not repay debts, do not respect the law, who bought their way into the house. The house began to flood with Cricketer, Bollywood stars and crony capitalists. The Rajya Sabha began to rapidly decline in its value. People began to gain representation in honourable upper house backed either by the monarchy or by the enormous wealth they possessed (there were only a few exceptions to this). The judiciary began attempting to prove its superiority over the administrative bodies.
In 1999 under the leadership of Vajpayee, when the NDA government was established, BJP was the largest party in power.
George Fernandez, a socialist leader was selected as a convenor for the NDA government. Fernandez faced the immense decay of thoughts and ideas in socialist party which ultimately fell flat so there was no alternative left for genius leader like Fernandes but to represent NDA government and become a convenor. This describes and illustrates the idea of centrist, leftist and ultra-leftist bankruptcy. But once the Congress party came to power in 2004, the same Communists that were once banned by the Congress backed them strongly. The Sonia-led Congress began to wave money in the faces of the Parliament Ministers, to buy their loyalty. This came to be known as “cash for vote”.
The Gandhi family sat on the once- Mughal throne in Delhi, Badal sat in Punjab, Yadav in UP and Bihar, Thackrey-Pawar in Maharashtra, Karunanidhi in Tamil Nadu and Sindhia in Madhya Pradesh, just like the British times, these families ruled, armed by power and wealth.
In this war for empires, there was no place for the youth, the thinkers, the philosophers, the rebels, the weak, the Dalits and the common man. The rising dominance of English language was the cause of the infanticide of the hopes and dreams of knowledge-seekers throughout the country. On the backdrop of all this, Narendra Modi was handed over the reins. Obviously, this was no revolution as such; it was an answer to Modi’s call for a revolution. But the expectations that people had and still have from him are too unrealistic, even though they knew that Modi had no magic wand that he would wave and bring about change in the blink of an eye.
The two matters of most importance in Narendra Modi’s campaign were development and a Congress-free India. Now, it is vital to understand that ‘congress-free India’ did not mean ‘India without the Congress party’. It has a deeper meaning than that. It meant the dissolution of inner circles of co-dependents, irrespective of parties.
The terrifying thing about Narendra Modi’s council of ministers is that it was full of people who were either intelligent, but lacking the capability of getting work done or they were willing to work, but were not very bright. This is why national issues were manufactured out of what were local issues such as the ‘JNU case’, ‘The Kejriwal Circus’, The ‘Rohith Vemula Suicide’ case, etc. In reality, what people really expect from the Modi government is the following:
- Minimise government, maximise governance and dispersal of knowledge in regional language from all streams.
- To amend the Indian Penal Code to make it more humanistic and more suitable for the contemporary times (the law could be pro-people though at times it could be difficult for government. For e.g. Scandinavian country).
- To cancel the draconian imperial Indian Penal Code from British era and make the citizens and tax payers feel more welcome in government offices, police stations, investigative agencies and should not be treated like a criminal but like an independent citizen with individual rights like western democracies (exception of history sheeters and hardcore violent criminals).
- Simplify the tax system; demolish the terrorism of tax authorities and investigating officers, whereby honest people can get the equal opportunity to be entrepreneurs.
- The people of this country are truly free and sovereign as established in the post-independence period. The media, the administration and the judiciary should protect the fundamental freedom of the people.
- To make the judicial system more accessible, secure, affordable, economical and available in all local languages and strengthening Hindi language and make it mandatory even in Supreme Court as people’s language (rather than it being English).
- Putting an end to the Draconian laws of the British times that bring restrictions on human rights and eradicate the system of under trial prisoners.
- To track down all the black money generated by people working in political system, administration and judiciary with the joint venture of media through hefty corruption which is anti-people and strengthen laws regarding the same. To make them equal by strengthening equality in legal structure and track down their black money and corruption.
- To works towards end of castiecism in government and society at large. To create welfare state with social security card to every tax-payer (and citizen as well). Instead of appeasement of either majority or minority, all are Indians. In short work towards creating homogeneous society.
- Abolish Article 370 in Kashmir, rehabilitate Kashmiri Pandits and eradicate Muslim Personal Law in India (here attempt and willingness matters).
- To remove the terms ‘secular’ and ‘socialist’ from the preamble of the constitution which was included in Preamble during emergency times, unconstitutionally and undemocratically when all opposition leaders and members were in jail and not present for voting.
- To restrict the judiciary’s function to merely interpret and implement the laws passed by the Parliament and to ban any person in the blood relation of a Judge to practice as a lawyer in the same court. Time to establish that people in India are sovereign so houses are sovereign and not courts.
This may be difficult or impossible but we should always remember that any great revolution or change is all about willingness to attempt and not about its success or failure. History will remember you only for your attempts beyond your successes and failures. In history of revolution, failure can be a success and success can be a failure. At this crossroad, Narendra Modi should decide whether he wants to attempt as a revolutionary for betterment or he wants to continue the legacy of his predecessors. People and his followers undoubtedly want him to be seen as a revolutionary beyond his successes and failures.
There are a lot of other expectations apart from these prominent points.
Apart from this the Modi government must establish and immediately implement a new charter of independence. Doing this is a must, because the people electing him into power with such an overwhelming majority is not just a change of government but a revolution for not only his followers, but also his opposition and for the people living not only in India but also outside of it.
Every time the government changes, the Dalits, the minority, the marginalized sections of society, the peasants and the common man waited in vain for their lives to change too. Therefore there is nothing gleeful about a mere change of government. This is because it is not a fundamental change. It only changes people who are in the same role of give and take.
The ruling and opposition leader class, the media, the judiciary together, made governance a business. The common people are affected greatly by it. United, they all treat the common man as a criminal, just like the British did. The governments changed, the faces changed, but corruption remained a constant factor.
Whether it is Mumbai, or Delhi or Lucknow or Patna, in any and every corner of the country, the governments and media dance to the tune of nothing but money. Sometimes in the form of fees, bribes, or as theft, all this has taken a more organized form.
The entreprenourship model in this country of all these systems is to convert a lady with character and dignity into a prostitute by grabbing, demanding, extorting money through corruption and make her ‘illegal prostitute’ then for illegitimate activities demand bribes and atlast taking all benefits from that lady and send her to jail. This is what all systems; political, administrative, judiciary, tax authorities do with our budding entrepreneurs and people with innovative ideas so they go abroad and branch out there or make hell of their life here. People voted Narendra Modiji to revolutionalise and destroy this lootiyan system.
Unless the 12-Point Program mentioned above and the other more effective and really basic, great slogans does not become the reality, the 1% power circle is forever going to suffocate 99% Indians.
The government we have been forming does not have a human face anymore. The democratic value of putting people first has vanished. (No political party is an exception, there are few people in every party who are but they are helpless.) People who speak and write the truth fearlessly have always been threatened systematically since last 70 years.
India is changing but for whom? We need to clear this confusion. As mentioned earlier, radical Islam is in coalition with internationally orphaned ultra-radical leftist in India. They have created an illusion in the country and abroad that some unrest happening in India is because of Modi actually problems and suffocation of Indian citizen is in existence since British era and extended since 1952, the year of India’s first general elections. Few of our people are also in collusion with this radical coalition propaganda. They do not want Modi’s good work to reach people. They do not want the people to have power to change the society. And yet so far they have been successful in doing so.
This radical coalition is pouring oil in the fire and provoking hatred against Modi. If we analyse last 3 year’s Facebook posts of Rohit Vemula, we would easily know how he has been brain washed systematically. What JNU students are doing, which is in favour of Pakistan and creating unrest against India, is the continuation of what ‘Gang Kejriwal’ and ‘Anna Hazare’ did in the name of the movement against corruption by accepting the funds from foreign organizations. Anna was unaware of this side; he was rather incapable of understanding it. The writer of this article has seen and understood that side (while working as a selfless blogger for Anna on his request). Knows how things work, how they run the system. The writer has reflected on and analysed, how the promises are made and how people act exactly opposite to it. (The same has been discussed in the forthcoming book by the same author ‘Kejriwal: Nexus and Co-existence’). However, this show failed when Modi heavily restricted the NGO funding and those affected by fund crunch made an issue of all that has happened since 1952 to target Modi and provoke people systematically.
It is essential that Modi government should treat crony capitalism like he treated foreign funding and grants of NGO’s. With that should also end the Crony Capitalism (like it was done legally in USA)
Next big question is when is the government going to stop corruption, extortion, bribes and snatches of government servants who enjoys the 7th pay commission because their parallel corrupt income is equal to 70,000th pay commission. When will the government put an end to all of this? The common-man’s abomination towards the government is not unwarranted in this case and it will not cease to exist merely because of Narendra Modi’s presence. The most vital task that the new ‘revolutionary’ government needs to undertake is to bring into power individuals who possess the ability to tell the right kind of dissent from the wrong kind, regardless of who is voicing it: the common men out there, or the individual’s fellow men. The chaos of dissent within the nation will only benefit the opportunistic outsiders. But they cannot be blamed either.
Along with the UPSC exams, other state Lok Seva exams by the public service commission are conducted, the purpose of which is to select public service officers. These officers function in both, the centre as well as the state. Passing these exams, for many of these officers translates to living an extravagant life and ruling over the ordinary tax-paying population, extracting black money from them in the process, on the basis of their power, enough to run a small state for an individual. An observation has been made that in a lot of cases, the same family has 25-26 top level bureaucrats such officers, some of them being ED officers, some income tax officers, someone being the UPSC chairperson, or an officer in SFIO and so on. Slowly taking root, due to this is a whole new kind of social class, corrupt and monarchical in nature. One could argue that this is just another rotten egg left behind by the British Rule. These systems must be destroyed, only to be replaced by a system that selects excellent bureaucrats and technocrats who have received the highest levels of education in this field from either Indian universities, or the ones abroad, who serve the term of 5 to 10 years on contract (can be extended). Like army men, they must be granted retirement at a young age of 45- 50 and given the freedom to take up another occupation on the basis of his/her merit, having no more bondages with the government from that point on. Such a system would not only open newer doorways for the youth but would also reduce the discrimination, monarchy and corruption to a certain extent.
Young people, the likes of Rohith Vemula and Kanhaiya Kumar would learn better what taking up the responsibility of the nation is like and in their mid-life, after retirement, they would learn how the world really works, and how potent they really are, intellectually. Most importantly, they will learn that they cannot achieve such levels of power without a soulful struggle and this struggle is no different from service to the nation. It is of utmost importance that we teach the young people from our demographically young nation, the principle of putting in their blood, sweat and tears into building this nation. If we fail to do so, we will generate an entire population of individuals for whom nationalism is no more than posting “Bharat Mata Ki Jay” on social media after Team India’s victory in cricket matches and it would seem like the ‘beef ban’ was the only major reform that the government could implement. Demographically young India without extraordinary skills means suffocating young generation without having purpose to serve, including Briton every country has changed its rule of service and bureaucracy but India still carries the old cross for vested interest of few.
Where to begin? One may ask the question. If we really wish to begin and as Honourable, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has a wish, then make sure that first thing we should do is, common man should feel secure, confident and welcome in any government office. Common man should not be scared. Even today, common man or citizen of India don’t like to go to government office, police-station or court for any purpose. He thinks it belongs to some Imperialistic power. Even today he is treated like a slave. To scare people away was the British concept which was followed by Congress and the other governments till 2014 and continues even today. So change made by Narendra Modi can’t be felt on ground.
If we want to see India becoming a super power, respected Prime Minister, please demolish the offices which are scaring the people, break their interest, their power circles, make the parliament sovereign, which controls the judiciary, make people of India sovereign (as the constitution says), declare the patents and rights of the people, simplify the government, make the government process simple, grant the right of bail to honest people, don’t trap them into the jail, it isn’t the job of free people of a free country to prove their innocence, don’t make a commoner repeat that.
The duties which the former government didn’t fulfil and the youth expect you to perform and make that difference. Mao Tse Tung, a Chinese, communist dictator may have done good and lot of bad deeds, but what he said once is apt here. People of India are looking up to Narendra Modiji with lots of hopes. The oxygen required to breathe in a free India is trapped inside these administrative headquarters. A free youth of a free India wants to breathe in that oxygen! Mao’s line was, ‘Bombard the Headquarter! Demolish such offices!’ If we understand the symbolic meaning and translate it into action, India will be free in a true sense, free from British, free from Congress, free from Corruption and will become a super power.
If this happens, all the credit will go to Narendra Modi. If it does not happen, then as it is we are habitual & have been electing Prime Ministers for our country! We will stare at the sky and wait. We will wait for rain, for new government, for new change, we will wait to breathe oxygen!
Last but not the least, I say, ‘revolution is all about your willingness and attempt, not failure or success!’
(PART 1 Complete…………….)